Friday, 8 August 2014

Flags of Prussian Garrison Regiment II

Garrison Regiment II was raised in 1717 as a single battalion and had the reputation of being the best garrison regiment in the army. In 1744 it was increased to 2 battalions. In July 1756 it was again increased to 4 battalions, partly through transfers from Infantry Regiments 11 and 16, and partly through transfers from Dragoon Regiments 6, 7 and 8. (How those dragoons must have hated the drop in status!) The regiment's recruits came from East Prussia, namely the cities of Pillau, Mohrungen, Saalfeld, Lyck, Marienwerder, Rosenberg and Johannisburg. In 1756 it was the garrison of Pillau, Fischhausen and Friedrichsburg.

In 1757 the regiment was in the second line at the battle of Gross-Jägersdorf on 30th August and suffered heavy casualties; according to Engelmann, "in the thick Norkitt Forest, amid powder smoke and battle noise, it began to shoot at its own first line by mistake, taking them for the Russians. This confusion made the Russian counterattack possible". It was at Schweidnitz in 1758 and the grenadiers saw action at Zorndorf (over 30% casualties - Duffy), Kay and Kunersdorf (around 30% casualties - Duffy). From 1760 the 1st battalion was with Prince Henry in Silesia and Saxony. The other battalions were firstly at Breslau and Neisse, then Neisse, Trachenburg and Militsch in 1762. The 1st battalion and grenadiers fought in the battle of Torgau in 1760, as well as at Freiberg in 1762. The regiment retained 3 battalions at the peace in 1763 unlike the other garrison regiments that returned to their pre-1756 establishment.

This is the most elaborate style of garrison regiment flag, carried only by regiments 1 and 2. It is very similar to the flags carried by many of the regular line infantry regiments, except for the wreaths which are in the style carried by the other garrison regiments and which are very similar to the design of wreath used on the flags of the regiments of Frederick William I, Frederick's father. The regimental flag design is shown at the top (Kompaniefahnen), the Colonel's flag (or Leibfahne) at the bottom.


And this plate shows the relatively plain uniform of the regiment, typical of those of the garrison regiments:


(I shall shortly add uniform plates for the other two garrison regiments whose flags I have depicted.)

4 comments:

Heinz-Ulrich von Boffke said...

This is great! Really enjoying all of the stuff coming to the fore recently here elsewhere in Bloglandia about the various East Prussian regiments. Thank you!

Best Regards,

Stokes

David said...

Thanks, Stokes. Glad you're enjoying the recent spate of postings. :-)

I've not done much on the "bad boys" of the SYW for a while and it's good to dig through my material on them...

More to follow - not sure what exactly yet!

All the best,

David.

Capt Bill said...

Sir David, Marvelous as usual!!!Bill

David said...

Thanks, Bill. Appreciate the supportive comment! These took much longer to create than the other, simpler garrison regiment flags.

Hope all's well with you.

All the best,

David.