Tuesday 27 February 2024

Flags of Savoy 1693-1704: Another Flag of an Unknown Regiment from the Triomphes Louis XIV

Here we have another probable Savoyard flag as depicted in the Triomphes Louis XIV but the exact date is uncertain, although early 18th century. It is probably from a Swiss regiment.



Monday 26 February 2024

Flags of Savoy 1693-1704: Another Flag of an Unknown Regiment 1704

This is another flag of an unknown Savoyard regiment as depicted in the Triomphes Louis XIV. The manuscript says it was taken after the capture of the town of Vercelli in 1704. The Kronoskaf WSS page on the siege lists a number of Savoyard militia regiments captured and I wonder if this flag belonged to one of them: http://kronoskaf.com/wss/index.php?title=1704_%E2%80%93_Siege_of_Vercelli


 




Tuesday 20 February 2024

Flags of French Royal Corse Infantry 1739-1762

Back to the WAS and SYW this time and a relatively simple flag set but with an unusual motto.

First raised 1739. Only the colonel and lieutenant colonel were French; all the other officers were Corsican. 12 companies strong and soon embarked for France.




At the beginning of the War of the Austrian Succession the regiment guarded the Flanders frontier. In 1744 the regiment was embarked in the fleet designed to invade Scotland but, a storm having damaged the fleet, the enterprise was cancelled and the regiment sent to join the army of de Saxe. It served in the sieges of Menin, Ypres and Furnes. In 1745 it was at Fontenoy and then at the sieges of Tournai, Oudenarde, Termonde and Ath. In 1746 it was at the battle of Rocoux. In garrison at Antwerp for five months in 1747, it then served at the taking of Lierre. It missed the battle of Lauffeld as it was garrisoning the town of Tirlemont. It was then at the siege and capture of Bergen op Zoom and the next year 1748 at the siege of Maastricht. In 1749 it returned to France to garrison Bouchain.

One battalion strong in 1756 and ranked 103rd.

Susane Volume 7 claims the regiment was at the battles of Hastenbeck and Krefeld but Kronoskaf has it manning the coast of Provence from 1756 to 1757 and then as garrison on the Isle de Ré in Aunis.

In December 1762 the regiment amalgamated with Royal Italien Infantry.

And this was the uniform in 1756:



Friday 16 February 2024

Updated and Much Improved Standard of the Bavarian Horse Grenadiers 1696

I was previously working from secondary sources for the reverse of this standard but yesterday Frédéric Aubert posted a photograph of the reverse of the surviving standard on Facebook which showed how defective those secondary sources were. So I have now revised and improved it.



Wednesday 14 February 2024

Standard of the Bavarian Horse Grenadiers 1696

This is one I did many years ago. I have very little information on the history of the unit. I took most of the detail from a photograph of the original standard which survives in the Bavarian Army Museum.


And this was probably the uniform in 1702:



Sunday 11 February 2024

Flags of Savoy 1693-1704: Flag of Swiss Reding Regiment 1704

This is my last Savoy flag for now; I must return to some flags of the Seven Years War!

Swiss regiment Andorno was assembled in 1694 from six separate Swiss companies and renamed Reding in 1699 after its new colonel. Andorno was eventually two battalions strong, each with 4 companies of about 150 officers and men. Reding's colonel was Johann Franz, chevalier of Reding de Biberegg from the canton of Schweiz. Regiment Reding was three battalions strong during much of the War of the Spanish Succession. The flag as depicted was captured by the French and is shown in the Triomphes Louis XIV.

Kronoskaf in its WSS site suggests a possible battalion flag for this regiment with yellow in place of the white in the corner flame sections but this is highly speculative.


And this was probably the uniform in 1704:



Sunday 4 February 2024

Flags of Savoy 1693-1704: Flag of Unknown Regiment 1704

The Triomphes Louis XIV depicts this flag of an unknown Savoyard regiment, which Boeri's book on the Savoyard army says was captured in 1704. Boeri also depicts the flag with twiddly decoration at the ends of the arms of the cross but they do not appear on the flag on the Triomphes, so I have stuck to the source material and omitted them.




Tuesday 30 January 2024

Flags of Savoy 1693-1704: Sheet of National Flags To Go With The Battalion Flags

I was asked on an 18th Century Wargaming Facebook page if the Savoy regiments carried only the battalion flags but they did carry National flags too (I did depict them on the first few Savoy flag sheets) so to accompany the sheets which show only battalion flags here is a sheet of National flags:



Monday 29 January 2024

Flags of Savoy 1693-1704: Regiment Desportes and Unknown Battalion

 Here are two more Savoy-Piedmont flags with the uniform of Desportes Regiment in 1704 (it had changed by 1707 but the flag remained the same):


 

And this was the uniform in 1704 of Desportes:




Thursday 18 January 2024

A Question About How Best To Present The Palatinate WSS Flags...

I have a sheet of flags of the Palatinate in the War of the Spanish Succession which I created for a commission back in 2013. The whole sheet is too big to put on the blog at a decent resolution. So, the question is: Do I ask people to email me so I can email them back the full size sheet? Or do I split it up into smaller sections and post it gradually on the blog? The latter option will be much slower! I look forward to hearing opinions...

And this is a low resolution snapshot of the sheet:



Flags of Denmark in the War of the Spanish Succession: Prince Carl's Regiment

First raised 1657.

One battalion was in English pay and service 1689-1697.

1695 renamed Prince Carl's Regiment.


In the WSS it consisted of three battalions (each of six companies) and one grenadier company. One battalion was in Austrian pay and service and two in British.

The single battalion in Austrian pay served in Northern Italy from 1701-2 and fought in the battle of Luzzara in August 1702. Heavy losses led to the battalion being merged with parts of two other Danish units in 1703.

The two battalions in British pay served in Holland from 1701. In 1702 they took part in the siege and capture of Liège. In July 1704 they joined Marlborough's army in Bavaria and were placed under the command of Prince Eugène. In August that year they fought at the battle of Blenheim and then in the autumn were at the sieges of Trarbach and Saarburg.

In May 1706 they fought at Ramillies (where these flags may have been captured) and then were at the sieges of Antwerp, Ostend, Menin, Ath, Dendermonde and Oudenarde.

They were at the siege of Tournai in 1709 and fought at Malplaquet in September that year.

They were repatriated to Denmark in 1713.

And this may have been the uniform in the WSS:


Sunday 14 January 2024

Flags of Denmark in the War of the Spanish Succession: The King's Lifeguard of Foot

I have been working on some Danish flags of the early 18th century as a small thank you for a splendid gift of two part-painted Crimean War armies and the chap is happy for me to put them on my blog so this is the first.




Danish troops fought extensively against the forces of Louis XIV between 1688 and 1715. As a relatively poor country Denmark relied on subsidies from its richer allies like Britain and the Netherlands.

Den Kongelige Livgarde (til Fods) (The King's Lifeguard of Foot) was first raised in 1658 by Frederick 3rd. It had 18 musketeer companies and two grenadier companies. There were 3 battalions, each of six musketeer companies.

One battalion of the Guards served in Ireland in 1688-1690 with the forces of William III. The first battalion was in the service of the Netherlands and Great Britain from 1701-1714 at a strength of 7 companies of around 740 men total.

The flag shown here is from the Triomphes Louis XIV and was apparently captured at Ramillies 1706.

And the uniform was something like this in the WSS:



Monday 8 January 2024

Flags of Savoy 1693-1704: Regiments Nizza and La Reine

Here is the flag sheet for the battalion flags of Regiments Nizza and La Reine. I have no uniform information and next to nothing on the regimental histories of these units. Saves me a lot of effort writing a long accompanying text! :-) (And you get a flag sheet far more quickly than would otherwise be the case... Win, Win?)



Tuesday 26 December 2023

Season's Greetings and a Happy New Year to All

Around Christmas I usually try to post something that is somehow (however vaguely)  Christmas-related on the blog. Previously it would often be some made-up nonsense or other; while it might possibly have been slightly amusing, I would rather post some authentic flags of the period. It is not easy to find flags that contain Christmas-like elements. However, all these flags have conifer trees and the colours seem largely to fit the bill too. It has to be said that they are mostly contentious and much-debated flags of their period, which has few authentic surviving flags.

I shall post later with a discussion and proper labelling of these flags but for the moment I will just say that I wish all my  followers and users of my flags all the best of the Season and a Happy New Year.



Saturday 16 December 2023

Flags of Savoy 1693-1704: Regiments Piedmont, Savoy, Schulemberg and Aigoin

I did these as a favour a while ago so thought I'd share them more widely as some people might find them useful. I hope and plan to do more Savoyard flags eventually.





For the Savoyard Army of the WSS, see: http://kronoskaf.com/wss/index.php?title=Savoyard_Army

Friday 15 December 2023

Standard of French Cavalry Regiment Condé 1740 onwards

The État Générale of 1753 says the regiment was first raised 1666 under Louis XIV for the House of Condé but Pajol, Les Guerres Sous Louis XV suggests a much more complicated history, with a creation in 1645 as Enghien but then a history of being disbanded and reformed a number of times for, amongst other things, rebellion against the Crown.

Ranked 21st in 1753 and 2 squadrons strong.

This is my version of the standard from 1740 onwards based on verbal descriptions:




Its Chefs were: Louis de Bourbon, Duc D'Enghien who became The Grand Condé; then Henri-Jules, Prince de Bourbon, 11th December 1686; Louis-Henri de Bourbon, 15th September 1709; The second Duc de Bourbon, 1st April 1710; Louis-Joseph de Bourbon, Prince de Condé 20th January 1740.

Its service history and postings to 1763 as given by Pajol [with additional information from Kronoskaf]:

1726-1729: The Saône Camps
1733-1735: Army of Germany
1736 and 1739: Lamballe

1740: Stenay
1741: Bohemia
1742: Sahay; Retreat from Prague
1743: Battle of Dettingen
1744: The Lines of Lauter
1745: Passage of the Rhine
1746: Brussels; Anvers; Mons; Namur; battle of Raucoux
1747: Battle of Lauffeld
1748: Maastricht

1749-1750: Valenciennes; Saint-Quentin
1751: Rethel
1752-1753: Neufchâteau
1754-1755: Condé

1756: Epinal; Sedan
1757: Battle of Hastenbeck; battle of Rossbach [as part of Saint Germain's Corps]
1758: Battle of Krefeld
1759: Battle of Minden, where it was badly mauled and consequently sent to the rear to recuperate after the battle
1761-1762: Paris
1763: Lille where it was reorganised and absorbed the regiment of Toulouse-Lautrec

And this was probably the uniform in 1756:



Wednesday 6 December 2023

Warburg French Flags Project: Flags of French Infantry Regiment Rohan-Rochefort

First raised 1677 under Louis XIV. Originally a Walloon regiment. Incorporated the regiment Fleury in 1749. 2 battalions in 1756. Ranked 64th in 1753. [Names in capitals below are the names of the regiment as its ownership changed]

The evidence suggests this pattern of flags was carried at least from 1697 when the regiment was  ISENGHIEN to 1762 under ROHAN-ROCHEFORT.




Service history [from Susane Volume 8 with corrections from Kronoskaf]:

Raised 22nd February 1677 by N. de PIETTEMONT
1677: Battle of Kassel; the colonel is killed there

1677: Given the 1st November to Ignace de Belvalet, Count of FAMECHON

1678: Army of Catalonia; capture of Puycerda
1688-1689: Served on the river Bidassoa [a river on the SW boundary of France with Spain]
1690: Expedition to Ireland; battle of the Boyne; defence of Limerick
1691: Re-entered France and sent to Italy
1693: Battle of Marsaglia
1694: Army of Catalonia again: battle of Ter; capture of Palamos, Girona, Hostalrich and Castelfollit
1695-1696: Army of Italy again
1697: Given the 11th February to Louis de Gand-Vilain de Mérode de Montmorency, Prince of ISENGHIEN

1701: Army of Flanders
1702: Combat of Nimègue
1703: Army of the Rhine; siege of Kehl; combat of Munderkirchen; 1st battle of Hochstedt
1704: 2nd battle of Hochstedt [Blenheim]
1705-1706: Army of the Rhine
1707: Army of Flanders
1708: Battle of Oudenarde
1708-1714: In garrison at Valenciennes

1717: Given to the Marquis de MONTESQUIOU then Victor-Alexandre, Marquis de MAILLY

1733: Army of Germany; siege of Kehl
1734: Siege of Philipsbourg
1735: Combat of Klausen

1735: 7th March given to the Marquis de BIRON

1741: Army of Westphalia
1742: To Bohemia; retreat to Prague
1743 Battle of Dettingen
1744: Army of Flanders; capture of Ypres, of Menin and Furnes
1745: Siege of Tournai; battle of Fontenoy; capture of Oudenarde, Termonde and Ath

1745: 1st December given to Charles-Armand-Jules, Prince of ROHAN-ROCHEFORT

1746: Siege of Namur; battle of Rocoux
1747: Conquest of Dutch Flanders; battle of Lawfeld
1748: Siege of Maastricht

1756: Expedition to Minorca
1757: Army of Germany
1758: Battles of Krefeld and Lutzelberg
1759: Capture of Frankfurt
1760: Combats of Warburg and Klostercamps

1761: 26th February given to Charles-Emmanuel, Chevalier de SAINT-MAURIS

1762: 10th December incorporated into Regiment Poitou

And this was the uniform in 1756:



Friday 1 December 2023

Totally fictional sheet of Genoese Swiss Infantry Flags 1740s-1750s

My Italian informant Giorgio Briozzo tells me that we do not with any certainty know what flags the Swiss troops in Genoese service carried, which is very unfortunate. Stephen Manley in his booklet on the Flags of the Italian States in the WAS says that the Swiss Colonnella flags had the heraldry of Genoa on both sides and no madonna, as they were Protestant troops. He gives no references for that statement so I do not know how true it is.

So, in the absence of certain evidence, I decided to create some entirely fictional Genoese Swiss flags, just to please myself.  I based them on Swiss flags carried by the troops of Naples and Modena. Here they are; please use or not as you wish! I think they look pretty good myself... :-)



Monday 20 November 2023

First Sheet of Genoese Infantry Flags 1740s-1750s

I do not have a great deal to say about these as I have not found much material on the flags and military uniforms of Genoa in this period. A useful short summary of the Genoese military in this period can be found here: https://web.archive.org/web/20080219022734/http://www.magweb.com/sample/s18nq/s1812geo.htm



The colonels' flags for Swiss regiments had the shield and griffins of Genoa on both sides, apparently, but I can find no details of the flags carried by Swiss regiments in Genoan service, unfortunately. If anyone has information on them, please do let me know!

And this is my recreation of the uniform of infantry regiment Montenach in the 1740s:

I shall produce a second sheet of infantry flags soon. The artwork of Quinto Cenni seems to be the largest single source of information on Genoan flags and uniforms of the 18th century but I have not discovered what his sources were so cannot say how reliable his depictions are. In the absence of much else, they will have to do!

Thursday 16 November 2023

Warburg French Flags Project: Flags of French Swiss Infantry Regiment Courten

First raised 1690. 3 battalions in 1756. Always recruited from the Valais. Ranked 91st in 1756.



This pattern of flags was carried from at least c.1740-1792.


Please note that there was a slight boo-boo in the original flags, now corrected, thanks to the eagle eye of Frédéric Aubert... :-)


Service (from Susane Vol.7 including extracts translated by me):

1691: Army of Flanders
1692: At the taking of Namur; battle of Steenkerque; bombardment of Charleroi
1693: Battle of Neerwinden
1694: On the march from Wignamont to the bridge of Espierres
1695: Sieges of Dixmude and Deynse; entry into Namur; defence of Namur followed by the Army of the Meuse

1701: In the Low Countries occupying Venloo and Ruremonde for the Spanish king 1702: Parts of the regiment besieged there
1703: At Eckeren: "showed great courage; Captain d'Aulbonne and a boy of 15 years, Louis-François de Courten, son of the colonel, killed there and the lieutenant-colonel, Melchior de Courten, seriously wounded. At the end of the campaign the regiment was sent to Languedoc and spent the next two years campaigning against the Camisards. It contributed greatly in 1704 to the dispersal of the band of Ravenel and killed 200 of its men near Massane."
1706: All three battalions at the siege of Barcelona; combats near Bascara; taking of Figueiras
1707: Capture of Puycerda and Belver. In garrison at Belver; "it destroyed various garrisons in local small forts which hindered the communication of the French army".
1708: Campaigning in Roussillon; recrossed the Pyrenees and took part in the sisge of Tortosa and then marched to the relief of Rosas where part of the regiment managed to get into the town despite an enemy blockade.
1709: Stayed in Roussillon
1710: Siege of Girona; after its capture (which cost the life of Captain Monnin ) became its garrison in January 1711. Trapped there for seven months and then at the end of the campaign sent to the Var.
1712-1713: Served in Roussillon
1714: Siege of Barcelona, which was the last place occupied by the Austrian party in the Peninsula; "distinguished there, the day after the opening of the siege lines, in repelling a sortie with regiments Normandy and Artois. A lieutenant was killed in that engagement. It was also distinguished in the general assault."
1715: To the island of Minorca which submitted after slight resistance from the towns of Alcudia and Palma. Reduced at the peace to two battalions.

1733: Made up to four battalions and stationed on the left bank of the Rhine
1734: At the capture of Trèves and Traerbach; spent the winter at Trèves and in the Hundsrück
1735: The regiment's grenadiers in the combats of Klausen and Salm. The regiment stationed at Phalz and Kick to protect the army's communications as it retired to Trèves.
1737: The regiment reduced to two battalions.

In garrison at Douai for the first campaigns of the War of the Austrian Succession.
1743: The third battalion re-established and sent to Quesnoy.
1744: All three battalions served under Marshal de Saxe
1745: The regiment was compensated for its inaction in the previous campaigns. "After beginning the siege of Tournai, it arrived on the field of battle of Fontenoy. It was part of the brigade of Aubeterre and found itself on the right of the regiment of Gardes Françaises, at the most important part of the battlefield. It was in front of this position that M. du Brocard, commander of the army's artillery, had placed his main gun battery, the battery which could have destroyed the column of the Duke of Cumberland, if the officers of the Gardes Françaises had been willing to put aside their chivalrous courage and be content to fight like soldiers. The rout of the regiment of  Gardes Françaises, after an advance which masked the battery of M. Du Brocard, allowed the English column to take the ground on the flank of this battery, and to open, at fifty paces, on it and the regiment of Courten, a murderous volley, which, in an instant, killed all the gunners at their cannon and threw to the ground twenty officers and 209 Swiss soldiers.  The brave M. Du Brocard was amongst the first to fall. After him, no-one manned the battery and, in the absence of the guns, a compact column of 16,000 English, engaged in the most reckless manner in the middle of a numerous army, brave and protected by the entrenchments, held this army in check for several hours and almost inflicted on us a defeat which would have been the most shameful of all those that the fate of the arms had inflicted on France. Despite the lightning strike that had just struck it, the regiment of Courten threw itself in front of the English and slowed their advance until the arrival of the regiments of Aubeterre and Du Roi. Courten lost at Fontenoy its lieutenant-colonel Nicolas Marclésy, captains Lecht, Beausobre and Preux, lieutenants La Pierre and Bergerie, ensign Ebiner and 75 NCOs and soldiers. The colonel [Maurice de Courten], 14 officers and more than 200 men were wounded, mostly dangerously. After the victory, the regiment returned to the trenches of Tournai. The regiment served the same year at the capture of Oudenarde, Termonde, Ostend and Nieuport."
1746: Capture of the citadel of Anvers; Captain Huober killed; battle of Rocoux; winter at Anvers
1747: At Malines in April; then arrived late for the battle of Lauffeld brigaded with La Cour au Chantre Regiment. Finished the campaign with the siege of Bergen-op-Zoom, Fort Frederik and Fort Lillo, followed by winter quarters in Anvers again.
1748: March to Bergen -op-Zoom which it was feared would be besieged and there for six months; then to Limburg where it stayed until the Low Countries were entirely evacuated in February 1749

1756: Courten reduced to two battalions 1st April 1756. Originally intended for the army being organised under the Prince de Soubise to help the Austrian Empress but then, when France itself became involved in the war, it was sent to the Army of the Lower Rhine in 1757 and took part in the expedition to Hanover under Marshal Richelieu.
1758: January sent as part of the reinforcements to the Duc de Broglie who was besieging Bemen. Courten helped in the occupation of this town on the 16th January and was then based at Werdhen. At Lutterberg on October 10th.
1759: Under Broglie in Germany
1760: At Warburg on July 31st as part of the Jenner Brigade on the left wing
1761: In Germany
1762: With the Army of the Upper Rhine; back to France in November
1763: Garrisoned Longwy then to Saarlouis in December

And this was the uniform in 1756:



Tuesday 7 November 2023

French Infantry In Canada Project: Flags of French Infantry Regiment Cambis

This is the last of my French In Canada infantry flags.

First raised in Sicily in 1676 (as VIVONNE). 2 battalions strong in 1756. Ranked 62nd.

These were the flags in 1756 (it is not entirely clear but I think they may have remained the same from at least 1688):



Service history:
1676: Naval combat of Palermo; taking of Merilli and Taormino
1677: Left for France
1678: Army of Flanders; sieges of Gand and Ypres
1688; Became Regiment THIANGES
1689: Capture of Philipsbourg, Manheim and Franckenthal
1689: Defence of Bonn
1691: Army of Piémont; capture of Villefranche, Montalban, Sant'Ospizio, Nice, Veilane, Carmagnola and Montmélian
1692: Army of Flanders; battle of Steenkerque
1693: battle of Neerwinden and siege of Charleroi
1694 and 1695: in Germany
1696 and 1696: On the Meuse
1701: Army of Flanders

1702: became MORTEMART; combat of Nimegue and defence of Kaiserswerth
1703: Combat of Eckeren
1705: Army of the Moselle
1707: Army of the Rhine; capture of the Lines of Stolhofen and conquest of the Palatinate
1708: Army of Flanders; battle of Oudenarde
1709: Battle of Malplaquet
1710: Defence of Douai
1711: Combat of Arleux
1712 Became LAVAL; battle of Denain; capture of Marchiennes, Douai, Le Quesnoy and Bouchain
1713: Sieges of Landau and Fribourg At Fribourg the two companies of grenadiers intercept a sortie and all the grenadiers are killed except for four; the colonel has his jaw smashed.

1729: became TONNAY-CHARENTE
1731: became ROCHECHOUART

1733: Siege of Kehl
1734: Attack on the Lines of Ettlingen; siege of Philipsbourg
1735: Combat of Klausen

1741: Army of Flanders
1743: Army of the Lower Rhine; battle of Dettingen (where the colonel M. le Duc de Rochechouart-Mortemart is killed)
1743: Became LAVAL
1744: Retaking of the Lines of Lauter; combat of Suffelsheim; siege of Fribourg
1745: Capture of Kronembourg; moved to the Army of Flanders; combat of Mesle; capture of Gand
1746: Battle of Rocoux
1747: Conquest of Dutch Flanders; siege of Bergen op Zoom
1748: Siege of Maastricht
1749: Became CAMBIS; regiment of ESCARS absorbed to become the 2nd battalion

1756: Minorca Expedition; Captain Monvert lands first with 60 volunteers; siege of Mahon
1757: On the coast of Brittany
1758: The 2nd battalion in Canada is captured at Louisbourg and taken to England, and is exchanged in 1759
1760: Naval expedition of Captain Thurot to Ireland; the detachment of the regiment captured at sea but later repatriated
1762: Expedition to Portugal and siege of Almeida

1762 10th December absorbed into Regiment Royal

And this was the uniform in 1756 (with its most unusual mixing of pewter and copper buttons):



Saturday 28 October 2023

Standard of French Cavalry Regiment Lénoncourt 1748-1758 (then possibly Toustain to 1761)

There is some dispute about the origins of this regiment. The État Générale of 1753 says it was created for Louis XIV in August 1666 but Susane Histoire de la Cavalerie and Pajol Guerres Sous Louis XV gives 6th January 1652. The regiment was Heudicourt 1735-1747, then Lénoncourt 1748-1758 and Toustain from 1758.   2 squadrons strong in 1756 and ranked 47th.

These standards were probably carried at least from 1735-1758. The arms of Heudicourt were still carried when the regiment became Lénoncourt as the two families were closely related by marriage.

The motto is from Horace: "Si fractus illabatur orbis, / impavidum ferient ruinae"—"Should the whole frame of Nature round him break, / In ruin and confusion hurled, / He, unconcerned, would hear the mighty crack, / And stand secure amidst a falling world." (Odes 3.3.7–8, translated by Joseph Addison.)(from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiat_justitia_ruat_caelum ) The État of 1753 gives the misspelling ILLABITUR which I have kept as it may represent an error also on the standard.

 



Service:

1719 Spain1727 On the Meuse
1733 and 1735 On the Rhine
1736 At Sarrelouis
1742-1748 In Flanders

Seven Years War:

1757: With the French army in Germany
1758: On the Rhine with the army of the Comte de Clermont; battle of Krefeld June 23rd. Became Toustain. The army now commanded by Contades on the Rhine
1759: With Broglie's army; battle of Bergen April 13th; battle of Minden August 1st

The regiment was incorporated into Royal-Lorraine Cavalry (formerly Des Salles Cavalry) in 1761.

And this was the uniform in 1756:



Thursday 19 October 2023

French Infantry In Canada Project: Flags of French Infantry Regiment Berry

Updating the flags of French regiments which served in Canada reminded me I had not done the flags of Berry and Cambis so here are the first of those.

Berry first raised 2nd September 1684 out of garrison companies. Ranked 71st in the SYW and consisted of 3 battalions.

Flags of this pattern were carried from 1684-1762.



Service history:

1688-9: Conquest of the Palatinate
1690-1: Coastal defence
1692: Army of the Alps
1693: Defence of Pignerol and battle of Marsaglia
1694: Garrison of Suze
1696: Army of the Meuse
1697: Army of Flanders

1702-4: Occupation of the Kingdom of Naples for the King of Spain
1704: The colonel of the regiment, who was seriously wounded at Castelnuovo de Bormia where he fought as a volunteer, was replaced in February by Auguste-Nicolas Magon, Marquis of La Gervasais.
1705: Army of Italy; battle of Cassano
1706: Siege and battle of Turin
1707-10: Army of Dauphiné
1711: Army of the Rhine
1713: Sieges of Landau and Fribourg

1733: Army of the Rhine; siege of Kehl
1734: Siege of Philipsbourg

1741: Army of Bohemia; combat of Sahay
1742: Defence of Prague; the colonel of the regiment killed at Prague
1743: In garrison at Thionville
1744-6: Army of the Rhine
1747: Army of Flanders; conquest of Dutch Flanders; battle of Lawfeld
1748: Siege of Maastricht

1753: Camp of Saarlouis


During the Seven Years War the 1st battalion served on the coasts of France and the 2nd and 3rd battalions in Canada.

On the journey to Canada in 1757 the two battalions suffered greatly from an epidemic. In Canada the two battalions were at the victorious battle of Carillon on July 7th. In 1760 they were part of the expedition against Quebec, and fought in the battle of Sainte-Foy on April 28th. The 2nd battalion of Berry was captured at the capitulation of Montréal in September. Both battalions of the regiment were repatriated to France by December of that year. [There is much more detail on the service of the regiment in Canada on the Kronoskaf website.]

In April 1761 the regiment was reduced to two battalions after the return of the two depleted Canadian battalions.

1762: The regiment was incorporated in that of Aquitaine.

And this was the uniform in the Seven Years War, both in Europe and Canada:



Monday 9 October 2023

Updated and Improved French Infantry in Canada Flags

I have updated and improved the seven French Infantry in Canada flag sets; they were some of my earliest French flag sheets and badly needed "standardising" to the current style!


The colonels' flags are there for completeness, even if they were not carried in Canada!

Sunday 1 October 2023

One hundred French infantry flag sets have now been posted on the blog!

I thought I'd mention that I have now reached the landmark posting of One Hundred French infantry flag sets! Hurrah! (Actually it is strictly rather more as some flags include variants, like the flags of La Couronne... :-))

There are also 17 French cavalry standards (and more to come of both cavalry and infantry), not to mention sundry flags of other nations.



Here's to the next 100 French infantry flag sets!

A list of the French flags already on the blog can be found here: https://nba-sywtemplates.blogspot.com/p/french-flags-for-wargamers-appearing-on.html

All the flags are free to download and use, although donations of any size are much appreciated (see the left side column on the blog near the top entitled Make a small contribution towards my work!).