Friday 12 July 2024

Flags of Austrian Infantry Regiment Alt-Starhemberg in the War of the Spanish Succession (and probably before)

Reputedly the oldest regiment in the Austrian army, Alt-Starhemberg was probably first raised in 1642. There is a great deal of detail on the 17th century history of the regiment on the Kronoskaf WSS website.

4 battalions strong in the War of the Spanish Succession. The flags show the insignia of Emperor Leopold 1st, who was Emperor from 1658 and died in 1705, so may well have been carried before 1700 as well as in the WSS.



Service in the WSS:

1701: Sent to the Tyrol for the Invasion of Northern Italy. By mid-June 3 battalions of the regiment were with Prince Eugène's army. 9th July Combat of Carpi where the grenadiers distinguished themselves. 1st September the whole regiment fought well at the battle of Chiari.
1702: 15th August battle of Luzzara
1704: Battle of Crescentino
1705-1706: Still on campaign in Italy
1707: Campaign against Toulon
1708-1712: In Piedmont and Savoy
1713: Defence of Freiburg/Breisgau then moved to the Netherlands where it stayed until 1728

And this was the uniform in 1710:


Uniform and flag details from August Kühn and Robert Hall: Materials On The War of the Spanish Succession 1701-1714: The Imperial Regiments of Foot 1701-1714 Part 21. Historical details from the Kronoskaf WSS website. Note that the uniform details on the Kronoskaf site are totally different and no flag details are given.

Tuesday 9 July 2024

Flags of French Infantry Regiment Lyonnais 1635-1791

First raised 1616. Two battalions strong and ranked 15th in 1756. These flags were carried from at least 1635 to 1791. As usual, a simple pattern reflects the unit's antiquity. The fancy flags tend to go with the Johnny Come Lately regiments!




The regiment had a long and pretty distinguished history. Full details can most easily be found in the Kronoskaf entry on the regiment (or, if you wish to practice your French, in Volume 4 of Susane's Histoire de l'Ancienne Infanterie Française which can be found here: https://archive.org/download/bub_gb_L1zWAAAAMAAJ/bub_gb_L1zWAAAAMAAJ.pdf. ). Here I shall concentrate on the Seven Years War history - which was not perhaps the most distinguished episode in the long regimental history but the French army in general was going through a bad patch in that period.

My translation of the Susane extract on the regiment in the SYW Volume 4:

The regiment left Valenciennes in the spring of 1756 to go to Rouen. Several months later it was intended to be part of the 24,000 men which the king intended to send to the aid of the Empress Maria Theresa. This plan was abandoned and Lyonnais spent the winter at Strasbourg. In 1757 it was part of the Army of Germany and found itself at the battle of Hastenbeck, at the capture of Hameln, of Minden and of Hanover. After the violation of the Convention of Closterseven it left the camp of Halberstadt to march to Zell and it fought on the 25th December to force a passage over the river Aller. Placed in garrison at Minden, it was attacked before breaking winter quarters and forced to surrender on the 14th March 1758 with its lieutenant colonel M. de Bruslard. M. de Villeroy, its colonel, spent the winter at court.

Exchanged soon after, the regiment left Germany and went to serve on the coasts during the following campaigns. It contributed in 1761 to the defence of Belle-Isle-En-Mer against the British; captains Tarnaud and Durbois were badly wounded there.

Recalled the same year to the Rhine, Lyonnais found itself on the 16th July at the battle of Vellingshausen. It was part of the reserve of the Prince de Condé which protected the retreat of the Marshal de Broglie. On the 23rd July 1762 it was at the combat on the Fulda; Captain Lestrade and a lieutenant were wounded there. On the 9th August the regiment took revenge at Ellemberg for its previous failures and totally routed a Hanoverian Corps which was entrenched on a peninsula of the Fulda.

Following on from the reforms of 10th December 1762 the regiment of Nice, first raised 1678, was incorporated into Lyonnais, which was therefore increased to four battalions. It was then in garrison at Alais and Saint Hippolyte. It moved from there in
May 1763 to Thionville, then Dunkirk in August 1765.

And this was probably the uniform in 1756:



Sunday 7 July 2024

Flags of French Volontaires Étrangers de Clermont-Prince 1758-1766

The complicated history of the creation of this unit of horse and foot can be found on Kronoskaf.

First raised in 1758, the unit was supposed to consist of 1000 infantry and 800 cavalry but in reality rarely rose near that total. Having become the Legion de Condé in 1766, the unit was disbanded in 1776.


During the Seven Years War, in 1759 the Volontaires were attached to Broglie's Corps in Germany and had a fairly checquered career. In 1760 they were part of a corps of Broglie's army which drove the Légion Britannique from woods on the left of Broglie's Corps on 2nd August. They then suffered a fairly dramatic reverse on 5th September that year when, posted with the Volontaires de Dauphiné at Zierenberg, they were attacked overnight by an allied force and the colonel M. de Comeiras, his entire staff and 161 privates were all captured.

In 1761 on 21st March they were at the Engagement of Grünberg then, on the 25th along with other French units, drove the allies out of the village of Mengsberg, before pursuing the allied rearguard. On June 22nd they were part of an assemblage of French units that stormed Lünen, taking 300 prisoners. On July 16th the unit was at the battle of Vellinghausen. In September,along with the Volontaires de Soubise, they burned several magazines in the County of Dinklage and a large magazine at Osnabrück.

In 1762 the unit was initially part of a detachment posted near Wesel then was attached to the Army of the Lower Rhine under the Prince de Condé. On June 21st a successful attack was made on the allied Scheither Corps at Schermbeck, who were driven back and lost 50 men captured.

The Volontaires were amongst the units chosen to stay in Germany until the final evacuation by French troops.

The uniform, like the flag, was in the livery of the House of Bourbon-Condé, chamois with red. The infantry uniform was something like this (taken from the NYPL: https://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/510d47e4-3ec7-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99 ):



Tuesday 2 July 2024

Flags of Two Franconian Circle Infantry Regiments in the War of the Spanish Succession

As with the previous Swabian Circle Infantry Regiment flags I posted,  I have absolutely no information on the operational use of these troops in the War of the Spanish Succession and the little uniform information I have seems fairly confusing, so all I can offer here is this sheet of flags; they are attractive flags, anyway!

 

The Brandenburg Onolzbach battalion flag was captured by the French at Friedlingen in 1702, which is why we know its design. Oddly I cannot find it in the Triomphes Louis XIV MS which I have (as a PDF from a French official source), despite that MS recording some flags captured at Friedlingen. I suspect there may be two different versions of the Triomphes as I have seen for sale a version online that appears to have different flags. As so often in this subject, there are frequently more questions than answers!

Saturday 29 June 2024

Flags of Swabian Circle Infantry Regiments Baden-Durlach and Baden-Baden in the War of the Spanish Succession

I have absolutely no information on the operational use of these troops in the War of the Spanish Succession and the uniform information seems fairly confusing, so all I can offer here is this sheet of flags; they are attractive flags, anyway!



Wednesday 26 June 2024

Three Austrian Cuirassiers' Standards of the Late 17th/Early 18th Century

Two of the three are of unknown regiments. The bottom standard is that of Taafe's Cuirassiers and a summary of its history is given below. (Information mostly from Kronoskaf WSS website.)


Austrian Taafe Cuirassiers:

First raised 1636.

Proprietors: From 1677 FML Franz Taafe, Mylord of Carlingford; from 1704 G.d.C. Philipp Count Leiningen-Westerburg; from 1705 Colonel Franz Thomas Count Reising; from 1706 Colonel Johann Adam von Pfefferkornrom; from 1707 until 1740: Colonel Johann Count Browne de Hautois

Notable service:

1636; Blockade of Hanau
1642: Battle of Leipzig
1645: Action at Jankau
1655: Campaigning against the Turks in Hungary
1664: Battle of St Gotthard
1683: Relief of Vienna

Service in the War of the Spanish Succession

1702: Siege of Landau
1704: 13th August Battle of Blenheim
1705: In Hungary; battles of Budmeritz and Schibo
1706-1709: In Hungary and Transylvania

And the uniform in the WSS was probably something like this:




Monday 24 June 2024

Flags of French German Infantry Regiment Royal Pologne 1747-1760

A short-lived single battalion regiment, German infantry regiment Royal Pologne was first raised on 25th November 1747. It was ranked 113rd in 1753. In the Seven Years War it seems to have seen relatively little active service. It was at Rossbach in November 1757 but the accounts do not seem to mention it. In 1759, as part of Broglie's Corps, it was in garrison at Giessen when the rest of the corps was at the battle of Minden.

Although generally referred to as a German regiment, Charrié oddly lists the regiment amongst the purely French units.

It was absorbed into Royal Suedois in 1760.

So, not a very distinguished or long history for this unit - but it did have very attractive flags!


And this was the uniform of a sergeant of the regiment in 1757 (from: https://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/510d47e4-3e4d-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99):



Friday 21 June 2024

Flags of Würzburg in the War of the Spanish Succession - Cavalry Standards

This is my last post of details of Würzburg flags in the War of the Spanish Succession.

The standard shows the likely type carried by the cuirassiers. I have no details of their history.


Fechtenbach Dragoons 1703 - 1706

First raised 1688. 10 companies strong. 800 strong in 1701.

Proprietors: from 1688 Erhard Gustav von Münster; from 1701 Otto Heinrich von Schade; from 1703 Johann Reinhart von Fechenbach; from 1706 Johann Wilhelm von Wolfskeel (to 1717)

Notable service:

1702: Siege of Landau; 10th October fairly heavy losses at the battle of Friedlingen

1703: With Styrum's Corps in Franconia; fought at Dietfurt 4th March; capture of Neumarkt/Opf; 23rd March skirmish at Schmidtmühlen; August raised to five squadrons

1704: Heavy losses at the battle of Blenheim 13th August

1706: In Hungary fighting against the Rákóczi Uprising; 4th September foot assault on the redoubts of Nagy-Magyar; 27th September fight at the bridgehead of Karvá-Neudorf; October siege of Gran

1707: In several actions - Saz and Also-Mesteri

1708: On Heister's raid in the Bakony Forest; 3rd August battle of Trentschin

1710: capture of Sztropkö

1711: capture of Munkcáz; return to Würzburg then to the Netherlands

1712: June to July siege and capture of Le Quesnoy

And this plate shows the possible uniforms in the WSS:


(Historical information mostly from Kronoskaf WSS website; uniform and flag information from August Kühn Material On The War of the Spanish Succession Book 11 The Armies of the Imperial Circles of Swabia and Franconia as well as the Bishopric of Würzburg and the Margravate of Ansbach (Translated Dan Schorr and Pat Condray))



Thursday 20 June 2024

Flags of Würzburg in the War of the Spanish Succession - Infantry Flags 2

Here's my second sheet of infantry flags of Würzburg in the War of the Spanish Succession.




Regiment Eyb was raised as late as 1711, when the Würzburg infantry were reorganised into four regiments.  Colonel Heinrich Christoph von Eyb became proprietor of the regiment on the recommendation of Prince Eugene himself.

Successive proprietors of the regiment were: from 1711 Heinrich Christoph von Eyb;  from 1734 Carl Friedrich von Thüngen; from 1741 Christoph Carl von Bastheim and from 1755  Johann Ferdinand Balthasar von Kolb.

In 1757 the regiment became the first battalion of the new regiment Blau-Würzburg.

Notable service:

1712: June-July Siege of Le Quesnoy; 24th July defence of Denain where it lost heavily including the capture of Colonel von Eyb.

Regiment Bibra: First raised 1688 as Regiment Thüngen from garrison companies. In 1690 consisted of 10 companies each of 150 men.

Successive proprietors of the regiment were: from 1688 Hans Carl I. von Thüngen; from 1690 Johann Erhard von Bibra; from 1705 N. von der Horst; 1706-1717 Johann Reinhart von Fechenbach

In 1757 the regiment became the second battalion new regiment Rot-Würzburg


Notable service:

1703: Part of the garrison of Augsburg, which was captured by the Franco-Bavarians on 14th December. The regiment then marched off to Würzburg as its winter quarters

1704: Served in the Margrave of Baden's army; suffered heavy casualties at the storming of the Schellenberg on 2nd July; September siege of Ulm; then siege of Landau which capitulated 24th November

1705: Manned the Lines on the Lauter River then the Lines of Stollhofen; September successful siege of Drusenheim

1706: Raid on Drusenheim; surrender of Hagenau

1708: With Prince Eugene's Army of the Moselle

1709: 11th September battle of Malplaquet; October siege of Mons

1710: Septemebr to November siege of Aire-sur-la-Lys

1712: With the two other Würzburg regiments at the battle of Denain 24th July

The uniforms in the WSS were probably something like this:



(Historical information mostly from Kronoskaf WSS website; uniform information from August Kühn Material On The War of the Spanish Succession Book 11 The Armies of the Imperial Circles of Swabia and Franconia as well as the Bishopric of Würzburg and the Margravate of Ansbach (Translated Dan Schorr and Pat Condray); flag information Wagner and Goldberg)

Tuesday 18 June 2024

Flags of Würzburg in the War of the Spanish Succession - Infantry Flags 1

The Würzburg regiments fought with the Imperial army by treaties which the Prince-Bishop made with the Emperor. The promised subsidies were often delayed or latterly not even paid but the Würzburg troops continued to fight with the Alliance nonetheless.

Regiment Bimbach was first raised 1696 at a strength of 10 companies but at the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession totalled only 6 companies with 848 men. By a treaty of 1705 with the Emperor Leopold I it was increased to 11 companies totalling 1600 men. Reorganised to 6 musketeer companies and one grenadier company in 1711, it was disbanded in 1715.

Successive proprietors of the regiment were: 1696-1704 Ludwig Reinhold Fuchs von Bimbach; 1704-1705 Johann Philipp von Bettendorf; 1705-1708 Friedrich August von Stein; and 1708-1715 N. von Tastungen



Notable service:

1702: With the Margrave of Baden to the siege of Landau to its surrender in September
1703: Garrison of Augsburg with Bibra Infantry
1704: 2nd July Heavy losses at the storming of the Schellenberg; siege of Ulm to 11th September; siege of Landau
1705: Garrisoned the Lines of the Lauter River then the Lines of Stollhofen
1707: Retreat from the Lines of Stollhofen after attack by Villars
1708: Siege of Lille
1709: 11th September battle of Malplaquet ; siege of Mons
1710: Siege of Douai
1712: Abortive siege of Landrecie

On Regiment Dalberg I have little information except that it had been the Kreis regiment and in 1709 it was rented to the Emperor for 40 Gulden per head.

The uniforms in the WSS were probably something like this:



Saturday 8 June 2024

The '45: Jacobite Flag of either Cameron of Locheil or Cameron of Glendessary

Claimed as a flag of Cameron of Locheil's regiment, this may actually have been a flag of Cameron of Glendessary, according to Stuart Reid. The central panel does have the Cameron arms but the crest is not Locheil's sheaf of arrows; it is an arm and sword rising out of a helm. There is a 1689 reference to "Glendessary's ruddy banner". Locheil's own banner was probably the one I depicted earlier with red and yellow horizontal bars.



Friday 7 June 2024

Further generic guidons for French dragoon regiments with no known emblems

I was asked if I'd mind doing white and yellow generic dragoon guidons to complete the set so here they are, plus Isabelline. They may be of some use to others too.



Tuesday 28 May 2024

Generic standards for French cavalry regiments with no known emblems

As a follow on to the previous post with its sheet of generic guidons for French dragoon regiments with no known emblems on their guidons, I offer these two styles of standards which can be used for French cavalry regiments with no known emblems. Going through Charrié, I noted the commonest colours - red, crimson, yellow and green - and therefore these four represent 90-odd percent of those regiments at some point where we do not know the emblems on the reverse of the standards.




Saturday 25 May 2024

Generic guidons for French dragoon regiments with no known emblems

A fair number of French dragoon regiments, at periods between the 17th century and the Revolution, had guidons where we do not know the emblems they carried on the reverse. (Quite often in Pierre Charrié's book Drapeaux Et Étendards Du Roi we come across the term "motif inconnu".) As it is unthinkable that a regiment on the wargames table should not have a flag, it has become a sort of tradition that such regiments carry guidons with the sun in splendour motif on both obverse and reverse. These three versions allow such regiments to have a guidon.

I have noted in square brackets above the guidons an example for each of a regiment with a guidon of that colour and the period where the emblem is unknown.



Friday 24 May 2024

A Polite Request...

I have recently seen a number of posts here and there (on Facebook, for instance) using my flags but without any acknowledgement of their origin. Some people do mention me and the blog, and I thank those who do.

May I repeat (as noted in the Template and Flag Copyright note in the left column) that as a small return for the free flags I offer "I  ask for an acknowledgement of the author (i.e. me, David) if you use them; please give a link to this blog on your blog or website [or Facebook page]."

The link is:  https://nba-sywtemplates.blogspot.com/

Thank you for your co-operation!

David.

Tuesday 21 May 2024

Flags of the Spanish Walloon Foot Guards "Reales Guardias Valonas" 1750s

For regimental details, see the entry on the Spanish Foot Guards previously. The Walloon Guards were first raised 1704 and saw much distinguished service in the War of the Spanish Succession.

Like the other foot guard regiment, they saw minimal service in the Seven Years War.

The uniform was the same as that of the Spanish Foot Guards as shown in my previous posting. 

This flag set is also one of those commissioned by Lewis Simpson-Jones. :-)



There's a useful history of the Walloon Guards in the Spanish Service (in French) dated 1858 for free download here: https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_7mIOAAAAQAAJ


Sunday 19 May 2024

Flags of the Spanish Foot Guards "Reales Guardias Españolas" 1750s

There will be a number of extra Spanish flag sets coming along soon, of which this is the first. I was recently commissioned to produce Spanish infantry flags and cavalry standards by Lewis Simpson-Jones. We agreed that I would charge him less for the flag work and he would thus be happy for me to post them on my blog soon! So it is thanks to him that I am able to fill in some of the gaps in the coverage of Spanish flags sooner rather than later... :-)

The Spanish Household Troops included many purely ceremonial units (like the Halberdiers) but only the Spanish "Reales Guardias Españolas" and the Walloon Foot Guards "Reales Guardias Valonas" actually served in the field. Both regiments had 6 battalions each, with each battalion of one grenadier and six fusilier companies. This changed in 1759. In 1762 chasseur (light) companies were added.

The Guards regiments saw much action in the War of the Austrian Succession.

In the Seven Years War the Spanish Guards marched against Portugal with the army of the Marques de Sarria in 1762. Kronoskaf records that the chasseurs of the regiment were posted to protect a bridge of boats on the River Esla where the army would cross.

The flags in the War of the Austrian Succession were slightly more elaborate than these, which represent the flags carried in the 1750s:




And this plate from NYPL (https://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/510d47d9-996a-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99 ) shows the uniforms as they probably were mid-century:



Thursday 16 May 2024

Flags of Austrian Infantry Regiment Osnabrueck in the War of the Spanish Succession

Raised 1701




Campaigns: In the Empire: Landau, Stollhofen Lines, Sendling. To Italy in 1706: Susa. To Spain in 1708: Balaguer, Almenar, Saragossa, Villaviciosa

A few strength details when in Spain:

1709: In May 3 battalions and 1593 men strong

1710: 27th July Battle of Almenar on the right wing 3 battalions strong; Confederate victory

1710 10th December at the battle of Villaviciosa on the right wing and 3 battalions strong; a possible tactical victory for the Confederate forces but a strategic defeat

1711: October 1402 men

1711: End of December 1461 men (by this stage each Austrian regiment had 3 battalions of 5 companies each and 2 grenadier companies)

 1713:  May In Catalonia 3 battalions strong with 1651 men

There seems to be much disagreement on the uniform in the WSS, although pearl-grey coat and green cuffs are often mentioned.

Thursday 9 May 2024

Flags of Brandenburg-Ansbach Regiment Cavenach 1712

Margrave Georg Friedrich I of Brandenburg-Ansbach raised the infantry regiment Ansbach of 9 companies (strength 1541). It entered the service of the Dutch in 1702 and was increased to 12 companies with a total of 2016 men. It was regiment Janus from 1701-1703. Later commanders were: from 1703 von Heydebracht; from 1705 von Seckendorff and from 1711 von Cavenach.

Regiment von Cavenach lost 300 prisoners and two flags to the French on 21st July 1712; these are the flags depicted here as shown in the Triomphes Louis XIV.




Service history:

1702: Siege of Kaiserswerth
1704: Storming of the Schellenberg and battle of Blenheim
1708: Battle of Oudenarde; siege of Lille
1709: Battle of Malplaquet
1710: Siege of Aire
1712: Battle of Denain

And the uniform in 1712 was probably something like this:



Friday 3 May 2024

Flags of Cologne in the War of the Spanish Succession - Infantry Flags 2

These are famous flags, probably captured at Ramillies in 1706, and which may have belonged to the Leibregiment zu Fuss. (Anna Beek claims they were captured at Eckeren in 1703 but her attributions are often wrong.)

The Leibregiment had blue coats with red cuffs and linings.



Tuesday 30 April 2024

Flags of Cologne in the War of the Spanish Succession - Infantry Flags 1

A nasty bout of flu from which I am just now recovering has stopped me posting for much of April; here are some infantry flags of Cologne in the WSS to keep things ticking over.

Josef Clemens, Elector of Cologne, was the brother of the Bavarian Elector Max Emmanuel. He was also an ally of the French and made a treaty of subsidy with the French in 1701 to raise troops to fight with them.

These flags are of unknown Cologne regiments; the similarity of the upper two suggests they may be from the same regiment although they were captured at different times.



Wednesday 10 April 2024

Guidon of French Dragoon Regiment Beaufremont at least from 1730-?1773

 One of four dragoon regiments raised in 1673, this regiment was recruited in  Franche-Comté, of ten companies. For nearly a century of its existence it was closely associated with the Beauffremont family (the name is rendered in several different forms, double ff, single f etc.) Ranked 8th among the dragoons in 1756.




The motto was that of the house of Beaffremont.

Service:

1674: Reconquering places in Franche-Comté from the Spanish and then cantoned there
1675: On the Meuse in the sieges of Dinant, Huy and Limburg
1676: Army of Flanders and at the sieges of Condé, Bouchain and Aire
1677: Sieges of Valenciennes and Cambrai
1678: Capture of Gand and Ypres; battle of Saint Denis

1681-1683: Camp de la Sarre
1681: Capture of Strasbourg
1684: Helped cover the siege of Luxembourg

1685: Became Grammont Dragoons

1688: Army of the Rhine; capture of Philipsbourg, Mannheim and Frankenthal.
1689: Combat of Walcourt; relief of Mayence
1692: Flanders; siege of Namur and battle of Steenkirchen
1693: On the Moselle
1694: Flanders
1695: Defence of Namur

1696: Became Payssac Dragoons

1698: Camp of Compiègne

1699: Became Beauffremont again

1703: Bavaria; siege of Kehl, attack on the lines of Stolhofen, the entrenchments of the valley of Hornberg, combat of Munderkirchen, first battle of Hochstedt, capture of Kempten and Augsburg
1704: Combat of Schellenberg (where the mestre de camp was seriously wounded); second battle of Hochstedt (Blenheim)
1705: On the Piselle
1706: Alsace; actions at Drusenheim, Lauterburg and Isle of Marquisat.
1707-1708: On the Rhine
1709: Flanders; battle of Malplaquet
1710: Defence of Aire; Marquis de Listenois (a Beaufremont) killed in a sortie

Renamed Beauffremont November 1710

1712: Sieges of Douai and Quesnoy
1713: Siege of Fribourg
1714: Camp of Saône

1733: Army of the Rhine; capture of Kehl and Philipsburg; combats of Ettlingen and Klausen

1741: In garrison at Linz and defence of that place; after the capitulation obliged not to serve for one year; returned to France January 1742
1743: Army of the Maréchal de Noailles; battle of Dettingen
1744: Flanders; sieges of Menin and Ypres; camp of Courtrai
1746: Battle of Raucoux
1747: Battle of Lauffeld

1755: Camp de Richemont

1756-1758: Guarding the coasts of France
1759-1761: Germany

1763: Reorganised at Caen where it was stationed

And this was the uniform in 1756:



Tuesday 2 April 2024

Guidon of French Dragoon Regiment Du Roy 1744-?1772

The youngest of the French dragoon regments, it was created by Ordonnance of 24th January 1744 and organised the March following, from 15 companies of the existing 15 regiments of dragoons.

Ranked 4th among the dragoon regiments in 1753.




Service:

1744: Army of the Moselle; combat of Saverne; attack on the fortifications of Suffelsheim; siege of Fribourg

1745: On the Rhine
1746: Army of Flanders; fought before Mons and Charleroi; battle of Roucoux
1746-7: Siege of Antibes

1754: Camp of Plobsheim
1757: Army of the Lower Rhine and its various activities
1758: Army of Hanover; battle of Krefeld; November to the Army of Soubise; seized the town of Schwarzhausen and the castle of Calze and made the garrisons prisoners
1759: Battle of Bergen
1760: Siege of Ziegenhain; combat on the River Werra where the Count Bulow was defeated
1761: Combat of Kindelbruck
1761 March: "During a march on Kreimberg an NCO called Roger, well known in the regiment for his daring, and who was promoted to officer in 1763, was detached in advance with his troop. He discovered a troop of cavalry escorting artillery and munitions. He charged them sabre in hand, killed the NCO at the head of the convoy and the shaft horse of the first carriage, and stopped the column. Promptly helped by the rest of his squadron, he captured seven cannon  which were turned against the enemy. After this exploit, for which he received all the credit, the Count of La Ferronays ordered Roger to get back on his horse and force a passage to the village of Burgeminden, which he did." [My translation from Susane Histoire de la Cavalerie Vol.2 p.320]

1761: The 15th August "Lückner attacked M. de Belzunce on the heights of Aslar; flags of the infantry were captured by the enemy; the Marquis de Créquis was in despair. Roger set off at the gallop with his comrade Cruze and dragoon Dabant and all three came back with a recaptured flag, which they returned to their mestre de camp who was thrilled by the courage of these dragoons."  [My translation from Susane Histoire de la Cavalerie Vol.2 p.320]

At the end of the Seven Years War the regiment was in garrison at Strasbourg.

And this was the uniform in 1756:



Sunday 24 March 2024

Flags of the Palatinate in the War of the Spanish Succession: Infantry Regiment Sachsen-Meiningen

The Palatinate was a poor area and was in the pay of the Allies against the French.

First raised 1688. In Imperial pay from 1705-1714.

The regiment was badly mauled and many flags were captured by the French at Speyer in 1703. We therefore know the patterns from the Triomphes Louis XIV.


The top row shows the flags as depicted in the Triomphes Louis XIV; it is surmised that the colonel's flag (oberstfahne) on the right may have been damaged and missing its central motif. At the bottom is a speculative version of what the complete flag may have been.


Strength in 1704 was:

1492 men plus 1 Fireworker, 3 Buchsenmeister, 7 Stück and 6 drivers, possibly indicating 3 regimental guns

Various strengths:

1701 Flanders: 10 companies, in 2 battalions, each company nominally 100 strong
1702 On The Lauter Lines: 10 companies and 1200 men
1704 End of year paper strength 1600
1705: Sent to Italy with a strength of 17 companies
1710: 507 strong
1712: 1st May 801 strong in Imperial pay
1712: 3-4th May 736 strong
1712: Le Quesnoy casualties: 3 officers, wounded, 12 men dead, 65 men wounded, 3 men missing
1712: Denain casualties: 1 officer dead, 3 men dead, 1 officer wounded, 2 men wounded
1712: Muster at Quaregnon[?] 638 men
1712: In Imperial Pay in Flanders: 1 battalion with 800 men
1713: Muster at Mannheim 763 men
1713: Ditto 30th June 886 men and 31st July 868 men with 170 in garrison in Mannheim/Weinheim

Actions:

1702: Capture of Lauterburg, St Remy Schloss, Kronweissenburg and Bergzabern
1702: Sieges of Mannheim and Landau; occupation of Landau
1703: Skirmish at Speyerbach [where the flags were lost to the French]
1704: Siege of Landau
1705: Capture of Munich
1705: Skirmish, detachment
1706: Battle of Turin
1706: Sieges of Tortona, Pavia and Casale
1707: Siege of Toulon
1707: Returned to Germany
1708: Siege of Lille
1709: Siege of Mons; battle of Malplaquet
1710: Siege of Douai and Aire
1712: Siege of Le Quesnoy

In 1705 the regiment had red coat with cuffs, lining and waistcoat dark green, trousers red and and buttons white (officers silver)

The uniform was probably like this in 1705:



Details from Electorate of the Palatinate under Elector Johann Wilhelm 1690-1716 by Claus-Peter Goldberg and Robert Hall


Wednesday 20 March 2024

Flags of Savoy 1693-1704: Colonel's Flag of a British-Paid Protestant Regiment from the Triomphes Louis XIV 1690s

This is the matching Colonel's flag for the previously published battalion flag (see below).